Blog

Stories from the world of agricultural data

Browse by tag
Sorted by most recent
Africa
agricultural inputs
agricultural investments
agriculture
apples
aquaculture
Argentina
asparagus
Australia
avian influenza
avocado
bananas
Bayer
beef
biofuels
bird flu
blockchain
blueberries
Bolivia
Brazil
Brexit
California
Cameroon
Canada
canola
cattle
Chickpeas
Chile
China
China citrus
chocolate
Citrus fruits
Citrus greening
climate change
cocoa
coffee
Colombia
consumption
corn
corn yield forecast model
cotton
cows
crop
Czech Republic
dairy
deforestation
demand
demographics
drought
East Africa
East Asia
Egypt
El Niño
ethanol
Ethiopia
Europe
European Union
evapotranspiration
export data
export potential
exports
farm size
feed
fertilizer
Fiji
fish
flooding
Florida
Food
food prices
food security
France
free trade
freeze
frost
fruit processing
Fungicide
garlic
GMO
grapefruit
grapes
Greenhouse gas emissions
Gro Intelligence
hay
Honduras
honey
import ban
Imports
India
Indonesia
industrial farming
international trade
irrigation
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Kenya
La Niña
land surface temperature
lentils
lettuce
Limes
livestock
lumber
Malaysia
meat
Mexico
milk
Molasses
Monsanto
monsoon
Morocco
motor vehicles
mushrooms
nafta
Netherlands
Nicaragua
Nigeria
oats
oils
oranges
organic
Palm Oil
peaches
Peru
pesticides
pigs
policy
pork
potato
poultry
preferential trade agreements
prices
processing
production
Pulses
pulses
quotas
rainfall
retail
rice
romaine lettuce
Romania
Rum
Russia
salmon
seafood
soil
Somalia
sorghum
South Africa
South America
South Korea
Southeast Asia
Southern Africa
soy
soybeans
soymeal
Spain
Sri Lanka
stocks
sugar
Sunflower oil
Tanzania
tea
teff
This Week (series)
trade
Trump administration
Turkey
Turkeys
UK
Ukraine
United Kindom
United States (USA)
USDA
vegetable oils
Vietnam
walnut
war
water
West Africa
wheat
wine
yield
yield model
Zimbabwe
Canada filed a complaint with the World Trade Organization (WTO) against the US in the latest chapter of the long-running softwood lumber dispute between the two countries.
Canada filed a complaint with the World Trade Organization (WTO) against the US in the latest chapter of the long-running softwood lumber dispute between the two countries.

Canada filed a complaint with the World Trade Organization (WTO) against the US in the latest chapter of the long-running softwood lumber dispute between the two countries. The US announced preliminary duties on Canadian lumber imports citing unfair practices in April 2017. In response, Canada’s complaint alleges that the US unlawfully imposed anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on Canada’s softwood lumber industry. The Trump administration finalized duties between 6 and 23.6% earlier this month as a way to protect US lumber.

Canada harvests lumber primarily from government-owned land and sets prices administratively whereas the privately held US lumber industry sets prices based on market forces. With the majority of US lumber imports coming from Canada and the survival of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) threatened, Gro Intelligence provides the data and analytics necessary to stay ahead of future lumber trade disputes.

Read more

Update: Nestlé has agreed to sell its US confectionary business to Ferrero for $2.8 billion.

US consumers losing their sweet tooth has led to flattening sales growth for giants like Nestlé S.A. and Lindt & Sprüngli AG. A rise in “healthier” products and gourmet chocolate confectioneries marketed as organic, dark, or all-natural have increasingly squeezed chocolate sales in the US. Lindt’s North American sales growth in 2017 was the smallest in eight years while Nestle prepares for a sale of its US confectionery business. With Hershey and Ferrero SpA competing to buy its chocolate business, Nestle can now focus on the coffee and pet food categories. As the US market continues to change, Gro Intelligence provides price and commodity-specific analysis to keep you ahead of market trends.

Read more

Palm oil stocks in Malaysia, the world’s second largest producer and exporter after Indonesia, have surpassed Indonesia’s for the first time since 2011 by 500,000 tonnes. The Malaysian Palm Oil Board reported that stocks ended December at 2.73 million tonnes. At a forecasted 1.42 million tonnes, lower-than-expected exports in December contributed to the highest ending stocks in two years. Stocks are expected to dwindle with increased export demand as Malaysia temporarily suspends a palm oil export tax. Gro Intelligence can help you to monitor developments in changing palm and other vegetable oil markets.

Read more

Using machine learning in trading strategies for agricultural commodities has gotten a lot of hype lately. While there are plenty of crop yield models, the market has lacked a systematic, reproducible, quantitative approach to modeling which fully specifies its forecasts and has transparent explanatory power.

We, at Gro Intelligence, set out to change that. Earlier this year, we decided to openly share the structure and output of our yield model which marries agronomic process expertise with machine learning. Gro’s website featured the weekly forecasts for all to see and comment on from May to November 2017. Subscribers had access to daily updates of the yield forecasts at the county level and access to all the signals in the model.

Our data product “Gro” encompasses global agricultural information on all crops. We initially made a US corn yield model as a proof-of-concept for a more general method that can help analysis of a broad array of agricultural commodities globally.

Despite our forecast model being designed strictly to estimate the critical real-world variable of corn yield, it can also add significant value for traders. Using our public forecasts in a simple trading strategy makes this utility very clear. The strategy made money in 71% of the 2017 trades, ending the forecast season in November up $0.1775/bushel (or +$887.50/contract.) In a backtest, it profited in 61% of 76 trades from May 2006 to November of 2016 and earned a cumulative $2.79/bushel (or +$13,950/contract.) In contrast, the well known trade estimate numbers, if traded the same way through 2016, lost a cumulative $0.72/bushel (or -$3,600/contract.)

Read more

A huge dairy glut in the US has decimated hay prices. While farmers in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington cut back on alfalfa plantings in 2017, hay prices have not rebounded due to a large storage carryover. Hay production value has also plummeted. Total US hay production value dropped from $19.1 billion in 2014 to $15.6 billion in 2016. Responding to low market values, farmers grapple with the decision on whether to incorporate alfalfa into their crop rotations as US dairy output continues to rise and prices continue to fall. With hay prices now at $145 per short ton, farmers are looking at increased corn silage acreage as a more lucrative alternative to planting alfalfa. Gro Intelligence will help you to monitor the link between dairy and hay prices into 2018.

Read more

After the collapse of the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), many would-be signatories are making other arrangements in order to maintain trade ties. Peru and Australia recently approved a new bilateral agricultural trade agreement, eliminating 99% of all tariff barriers of Australian goods into Peru. The Peru Australia Free Trade Agreement, or PAFTA, will eliminate existing tariffs on sugar, dairy, rice, almonds, sheep meat, wine, and beef. PAFTA opens the floodgates for Australian sugar as 30,000 tonnes can now be imported into Peru and increasing to 60,000 tonnes starting in 2023. Gro Intelligence will be there to monitor the fallout as sugar trade ramps up between Peru and Australia.

Read more

Since the end of WWII, Canada has emerged as an agricultural production powerhouse due to a series of reforms and key market conditions. Improved transportation, reduced trade barriers, and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) made Canada a top exporter of oilseeds (i.e. canola), grains, pork, beef, and other livestock products. Despite trade squabbles over the future of NAFTA, Canada enjoys a positive trade balance on pork and beef.

As in the US, Canadian farm size continues to grow due to farm consolidation and increased industrialization of farming operations. More than one-fifth of Canadian farms have incorporated as older farmers have struggled to pass ownership off to children who are increasingly uninterested in farming. Even though almost half of Canadian farmers are older than 55, incorporated farms remain predominantly family-owned and operated.

The end of the Canadian Wheat Board’s control over exports in 2012 revived an industry long working to make its mark on the global stage. Canada would soon adopt more liberal agricultural policies after selling $7.2 billion of grain to over 70 countries in 2012, the third largest wheat sale in its history. The largest volumes of grains, mainly canola and wheat, go to Japan, China, the European Union, and Mexico.

In 2016, the agricultural sector contributed $111.9 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP), accounting for 6.7 percent of the total. With droughts affecting crop yields and new farming opportunities opening up due to thawing tundra, climate change will reshape Canadian agriculture in ways not seen in more than a century. As the world increasingly focuses on Canada as a test case for durable agricultural profitability in uncertain trade, climate, and market environments, Gro Intelligence provides the data and context to stay ahead of developments there.

Read more

Driven by robust demand, Australia now supplies China with more citrus than ever. Chinese orange consumption steadily increased over the past 10 years to over 5.8 million tonnes in 2016. A decade earlier consumption was only about 5.1 million tonnes. Domestic production in China can’t keep up with demand due to issues like citrus greening and poor weather.

Australia exported 45,000 tonnes of citrus to China this year claiming its position as China’s third largest citrus supplier behind only the US and South Africa. Global companies thirsty for juicing oranges put Valencia oranges back in hot demand, with Australian farmers enjoying higher prices. Valencia orange prices soared to $1.29 per kilogram in 2017 from a low of $0.78 per kilogram in 2011. As the Australian citrus industry expands trade with China, Gro Intelligence continues to monitor developments as they unfold.

Read more

A three-year-long drought in South Africa continues to threaten this year’s harvest. Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces bear the brunt, with dwindling water reserves impacting agricultural and livestock production. A 60% drop in water reserves dampens the wine grape production outlook in the Western Cape province. While above normal precipitation is expected in the northeast, no relief is expected for the drought-stricken southwest anytime soon. Agriculture plays a significant role in the South African economy, and using Gro Intelligence can help guide the industry during these tough times.

Read more

Oats have become more than just a breakfast staple in the US, providing more opportunities for Canadian farmers. Their oat exports skyrocketed by a factor of six between 1986 and 2013, transforming the grain from a domestically consumed crop into an export commodity. In the US, the Quaker Oats Company sources the majority of their supply from Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

US oat milling operations have spiked in recent years with a concomitant decline in processing operations for food and industrial oat use in Canada. A consistent supply of high quality Canadian oats has US oat buyers clamoring to ramp up trade with their northern neighbor. Canadian oat yields reached a staggering 3.6 tonnes per hectare in 2017, eclipsing those of the global oat producing powerhouse Russia with yields of only 1.75 tonnes per hectare. In light of a slight increase in Canada’s total harvested area in 2017 to 1.05 million hectares, we recommend using Gro Intelligence to monitor what a potential oat supply glut might mean for trade and prices into 2018.

Read more

We at Gro Intelligence have spent 2017 carefully analyzing global agricultural trends. The year began, and now ends, with uncertainty regarding what a newly elected President Donald Trump would mean for NAFTA, the USDA, and American agriculture. Mega-mergers like Syngenta-ChemChina and Dow-DuPont were finalized, and Amazon bought Whole Foods. Brazilian beef and poultry exports survived a widespread scandal. China’s pork consumption may have plateaued, but the country’s insatiable appetite for soybeans nevertheless encouraged record production in Brazil and the US.

We’re excited to share some of our favorite Gro Insights and key takeaways from 2017. In each Insight, we use data within Gro to explore an upcoming food crisis, major trends that could impact two massive global markets, and blockchain—the latest technology with potential to revolutionize agriculture.

Read more

Potatoes are one of the world’s most important crops. Despite the plants’ Andean origins, potato yield gaps in Bolivia and Ecuador raise food security concerns in the region. In 2014, Bolivia and Ecuador experienced potato yields of 5.4 and 12.7 tonnes per hectare, respectively. These yields fall well below those in Peru and Colombia, suggesting that factors beyond geography are at play.

Larger farm size, improved potato seed varieties, reliable access to farm inputs, and modern machinery can all improve yields. Lacking access to a seed system that reliably produces quality seed lowers them. While all four Andean countries have government-supported research and development programs for farmers, Bolivia’s INIAF and Ecuador’s INIAP may not have sufficient resources to bridge their yield gaps. Ecuador is still struggling to recover economically from an acute drop in oil prices in 2015 followed the next year by an earthquake that hit northeast of Quito, the capital. Bolivia also suffered from a severe drought in 2016 that threatened 290,000 hectares of agricultural lands. Particularly for small-holder farmers, low yields can further exacerbate food insecurity during periods of extreme weather and economic uncertainty. We recommend using Gro Intelligence to monitor yields and environmental conditions to better predict food shortage risks.

Read more
Discover more with Gro and subscribe to Try it yourself
Gro Intelligence Privacy Policy

This Privacy Policy describes the policies and procedures of Gro Intelligence, Inc. (“we”, “our” or “us”) on the collection, use and disclosure of your information on www.gro-intelligence.com (the “Site”) and the services, features, content or applications we offer (collectively with the Site, the “Services”). We receive information about you from your use of the Services generally. When you use the Services, you are consenting to the collection, transfer, manipulation, storage, disclosure and other uses of your information as described in this Privacy Policy.

What Does This Privacy Policy Cover?

This Privacy Policy covers the treatment of personally identifiable information (“Personal Information”) gathered when you are using or accessing the Services. This Privacy Policy also covers our treatment of any Personal Information that our business partners share with us or that we share with our business partners.

This Privacy Policy does not apply to the practices of third parties that we do not own or control, including but not limited to any third party websites, services and applications (“Third Party Services”) that you elect to access through the Service or to individuals that we do not manage or employ. While we attempt to facilitate access only to those Third Party Services that share our respect for your privacy, we cannot take responsibility for the content or privacy policies of those Third Party Services. We encourage you to carefully review the privacy policies of any Third Party Services you access.

What Information Do We Collect?

The information we gather enables us to personalize, improve and continue to operate the Services. We collect the following types of information from our users.

IP Address Information and Other Information Collected Automatically:

· We automatically receive and record information from your web browser when you interact with the Services, including your IP address and cookie information. This information is used for fighting spam/malware and also to facilitate collection of data concerning your interaction with the Services (e.g., what links you have clicked on).

· Generally, the Services automatically collect usage information, such as the number and frequency of visitors to the Site. We may use this data in aggregate form, that is, as a statistical measure, but not in a manner that would identify you personally. This type of aggregate data enables us and third parties authorized by us to figure out how often individuals use parts of the Services so that we can analyze and improve them.

Information Collected Using Cookies:

· Cookies are pieces of text that may be provided to your computer through your web browser when you access a website. Your browser stores cookies in a manner associated with each website you visit. We use cookies to enable our servers to recognize your web browser and tell us how and when you visit the Site and otherwise use the Services through the Internet.

· Our cookies do not, by themselves, contain Personal Information, and we do not combine the general information collected through cookies with other Personal Information to tell us who you are. As noted, however, we do use cookies to identify that your web browser has accessed aspects of the Services.

· Most browsers have an option for turning off the cookie feature, which will prevent your browser from accepting new cookies, as well as (depending on the sophistication of your browser software) allowing you to decide on acceptance of each new cookie in a variety of ways.

· This Privacy Policy covers our use of cookies only and does not cover the use of cookies by third parties. We do not control when or how third parties place cookies on your computer. For example, third party websites to which a link points may set cookies on your computer.

Aggregate Information:

We collect statistical information about how users collectively use the Services (“Aggregate Information”). Some of this information may be derived from Personal Information. This statistical information is not Personal Information and cannot be tied back to you or your web browser.

How, and With Whom, Is My Information Shared?

IP Address Information:

While we collect and store IP address information, that information is not made public. We do at times, however, share this information with our partners, service providers and other persons with whom we conduct business, and as otherwise specified in this Privacy Policy.

Information You Elect to Share:

You may access other Third Party Services through the Services, for example by clicking on links to those Third Party Services from within the Site. We are not responsible for the privacy policies and/or practices of these Third Party Services, and you are responsible for reading and understanding those Third Party Services’ privacy policies. This Privacy Policy only governs information collected on the Services.

Aggregate Information:

We share Aggregate Information with our partners, service providers and other persons with whom we conduct business. We share this type of statistical data so that our partners can understand how and how often people use our Services and their services or websites, which facilitates improving both their services and how our Services interface with them. In addition, these third parties may share with us non-private, aggregated or otherwise non Personal Information about you that they have independently developed or acquired.

Information Shared with Our Agents:

We employ and contract with people and other entities that perform certain tasks on our behalf and who are under our control (our “Agents”). We may need to share Personal Information with our Agents in order to provide products or services to you. Unless we tell you differently, our Agents do not have any right to use Personal Information or other information we share with them beyond what is necessary to assist us. You hereby consent to our sharing of Personal Information with our Agents.

Information Disclosed Pursuant to Business Transfers:

In some cases, we may choose to buy or sell assets. In these types of transactions, user information is typically one of the transferred business assets. Moreover, if we, or substantially all of our assets, were acquired, or if we go out of business or enter bankruptcy, user information would be one of the assets that is transferred or acquired by a third party. You acknowledge that such transfers may occur, and that any acquirer of us or our assets may continue to use your Personal Information as set forth in this policy.

Information Disclosed for Our Protection and the Protection of Others:

We also reserve the right to access, read, preserve, and disclose any information as we reasonably believe is necessary to (i) satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or governmental request, (ii) enforce this Privacy Policy and our Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations hereof, (iii) detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues, (iv) respond to user support requests, or (v) protect our rights, property or safety, our users and the public. This includes exchanging information with other companies and organizations for fraud protection and spam/malware prevention.

Information We Share With Your Consent:

Except as set forth above, you will be notified when your Personal Information may be shared with third parties, and will be able to prevent the sharing of this information.

Is Information About Me Secure?

We store all of our information, including your IP address information, using industry-standard techniques. We do not guarantee or warrant that such techniques will prevent unauthorized access to information about you that we store, Personal Information or otherwise.

What Information of Mine Can I Access?

You can access and delete cookies through your web browser settings.

California Privacy Rights: Under California Civil Code sections 1798.83-1798.84, California residents are entitled to ask us for a notice identifying the categories of personal customer information which we share with our affiliates and/or third parties for marketing purposes, and providing contact information for such affiliates and/or third parties. If you are a California resident and would like a copy of this notice, please submit a written request to the following address: 12 E 49th Street, 11th Floor, New York, NY 10017

What Happens When There Are Changes to this Privacy Policy?

We may amend this Privacy Policy from time to time. Use of information we collect now is subject to the Privacy Policy in effect at the time such information is used. If we make changes in the way we collect or use information, we will notify you by posting an announcement on the Services or sending you an email. A user is bound by any changes to the Privacy Policy when he or she uses the Services after such changes have been first posted.

What If I Have Questions or Concerns?

If you have any questions or concerns regarding privacy using the Services, please send us a detailed message to support@gro-intelligence.com. We will make every effort to resolve your concerns.

Effective Date: March 11, 2014

 

Gro Intelligence Terms of Service

Please read these Terms of Service (collectively with Gro Intelligence’s Privacy Policy, the “Terms of Service”) fully and carefully before using www.gro-intelligence.com (the “Site”) and the services, features, content or applications offered by Gro Intelligence, Inc. (“we”, “us” or “our”) (together with the Site, the “Services”). These Terms of Service set forth the legally binding terms and conditions for your use of the Site and the Services.

1. Acceptance of Terms of Service.

a. By using the Services in any manner, including but not limited to visiting or browsing the Site, you agree to these Terms of Service and all other operating rules, policies and procedures that may be published from time to time on the Site by us, each of which is incorporated by reference and each of which may be updated from time to time without notice to you.

2. Content.

a. Definition. For purposes of these Terms of Service, the term “Content” includes, without limitation, information, data, text, photographs, videos, audio clips, written posts and comments, software, scripts, graphics, and interactive features generated, provided, or otherwise made available on or through the Services.

b. Notices and Restrictions. The Services may contain Content specifically provided by us or our partners and such Content is protected by copyrights, trademarks, service marks, patents, trade secrets or other proprietary rights and laws. You shall abide by and maintain all copyright notices, information, and restrictions contained in any Content accessed through the Services. Unless otherwise indicated, these Terms of Service and all Content provided by us are copyright © 2018 Gro Intelligence, Inc. All rights reserved.

c. Use License. Subject to these Terms of Service, we grant each user of the Services a worldwide, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable and non-transferable license to use (i.e., to download and display locally) Content solely for purposes of using the Services. Use, reproduction, modification, distribution or storage of any Content for other than purposes of using the Services is expressly prohibited without prior written permission from us. You shall not sell, license, rent, or otherwise use or exploit any Content for commercial use or in any way that violates any third party right.

d. Availability of Content. We do not guarantee that any Content will be made available on the Site or through the Services. We reserve the right to, but do not have any obligation to, (i) remove, edit or modify any Content in our sole discretion, at any time, without notice to you and for any reason (including, but not limited to, upon receipt of claims or allegations from third parties or authorities relating to such Content or if we are concerned that you may have violated these Terms of Service), or for no reason at all and (ii) to remove or block any Content from the Services.

3. Rules of Conduct.

a. As a condition of use, you represent, warrant and covenant not to use the Services for any purpose that is prohibited by these Terms of Service or applicable laws, rules and regulations applicable to you. You are responsible for all of your activity in connection with the Services.

b. You shall not (directly or indirectly):

i. take any action that imposes or may impose (as determined by us in our sole discretion) an unreasonable or disproportionately large load on our (or our third party providers’) infrastructure;

ii. interfere or attempt to interfere with the proper working of the Services or any activities conducted on the Services;

iii. bypass, circumvent or attempt to bypass or circumvent any measures we may use to prevent or restrict access to the Services (or other accounts, computer systems or networks connected to the Services);

iv. use manual or automated software, devices, or other processes to “crawl” or “spider” any page of the Site;

v. harvest or scrape any Content from the Services;

vi. otherwise take any action in violation of our guidelines and policies;

vii. decipher, decompile, disassemble, reverse engineer or otherwise attempt to derive any source code or underlying ideas or algorithms of any part of the Services (including without limitation any application), except to the limited extent applicable laws specifically prohibit such restriction;

viii. modify, translate, or otherwise create derivative works of any part of the Services; or

ix. copy, rent, lease, distribute, or otherwise transfer any of the rights that you receive hereunder.

c. We also reserve the right to access, read, preserve, and disclose any information as we reasonably believe is necessary to:

i. satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or governmental request;

ii. enforce these Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations hereof;

iii. detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues;

iv. respond to user support requests; or

v. protect the rights, property or safety of us, our users and the public.

4. Third Party Services. The Services may permit you to link to other websites, services or resources on the Internet, and other websites, services or resources may contain links to the Services. When you access third party resources on the Internet, you do so at your own risk. These other resources are not under our control, and you acknowledge that we are not responsible or liable for the content, functions, accuracy, legality, appropriateness or any other aspect of such websites or resources. The inclusion of any such link does not imply our endorsement or any association between us and their operators. You further acknowledge and agree that we shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such website or resource.

5. Termination. We may terminate your access to all or any part of the Services at any time, with or without cause, with or without notice, effective immediately. All provisions of these Terms of Service which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.

6. Warranty Disclaimer.

a. You release us from all liability for you having acquired or not acquired Content through the Services. We make no representations concerning any Content contained in or accessed through the Services, and we will not be responsible or liable for the accuracy, copyright compliance, or legality of material or Content contained in or accessed through the Services.

b. THE SERVICES AND CONTENT ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”, “AS AVAILABLE” AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND ANY WARRANTIES IMPLIED BY ANY COURSE OF PERFORMANCE OR USAGE OF TRADE, ALL OF WHICH ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. WE, AND OUR DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, SUPPLIERS, PARTNERS AND CONTENT PROVIDERS DO NOT WARRANT THAT: (I) THE SERVICES WILL BE SECURE OR AVAILABLE AT ANY PARTICULAR TIME OR LOCATION; (II) ANY DEFECTS OR ERRORS WILL BE CORRECTED; (III) ANY CONTENT AVAILABLE AT OR THROUGH THE SERVICES IS FREE OF VIRUSES OR OTHER HARMFUL COMPONENTS; OR (IV) THE RESULTS OF USING THE SERVICES WILL MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS.

7. Limitation of Liability. IN NO EVENT SHALL WE, NOR OUR DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, PARTNERS, SUPPLIERS OR CONTENT PROVIDERS, BE LIABLE UNDER CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY, NEGLIGENCE OR ANY OTHER LEGAL OR EQUITABLE THEORY WITH RESPECT TO THE SERVICES FOR ANY (I) LOST PROFITS, DATA LOSS, COST OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES, OR SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, COMPENSATORY OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER, SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES (HOWEVER ARISING), (II) BUGS, VIRUSES, TROJAN HORSES, OR THE LIKE (REGARDLESS OF THE SOURCE OF ORIGINATION), OR (III) DIRECT DAMAGES IN EXCESS OF $50.00.

8. Governing Law and Jurisdiction. These Terms of Service shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, including its conflicts of law rules, and the United States of America. You agree that any dispute arising from or relating to the subject matter of these Terms of Service shall be governed by the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the state and Federal courts of New York County, New York.

9. Miscellaneous.

a. Modification. We reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to modify or replace any of these Terms of Service, or change, suspend, or discontinue the Services at any time. Your continued use of the Services following notification of any changes to these Terms of Service constitutes acceptance of those changes.

b. Entire Agreement and Severability. These Terms of Service are the entire agreement between you and us with respect to the Services, including use of the Site, and supersede all prior or contemporaneous communications and proposals (whether oral, written or electronic) between you and us with respect to the Services. If any provision of these Terms of Service is found to be unenforceable or invalid, that provision will be limited or eliminated to the minimum extent necessary so that these Terms of Service will otherwise remain in full force and effect and enforceable. The failure of either party to exercise in any respect any right provided for herein shall not be deemed a waiver of any further rights hereunder

c. Force Majeure. We shall not be liable for any failure to perform our obligations hereunder where such failure results from any cause beyond our reasonable control, including, without limitation, mechanical, electronic or communications failure or degradation.

d. Assignment. These Terms of Service are personal to you, and are not assignable, transferable or sublicensable by you except with our prior written consent. We may assign, transfer or delegate any of our rights and obligations hereunder without consent.

e. Agency. No agency, partnership, joint venture, or employment relationship is created as a result of these Terms of Service and neither party has any authority of any kind to bind the other in any respect.

f. Notices. Unless otherwise specified in these Term of Service, all notices under these Terms of Service will be in writing and will be deemed to have been duly given when received, if personally delivered or sent by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested; when receipt is electronically confirmed, if transmitted by facsimile or e-mail; or the day after it is sent, if sent for next day delivery by recognized overnight delivery service. Electronic notices should be sent to support@gro-intelligence.com

g. No Waiver. Our failure to enforce any part of these Terms of Service shall not constitute a waiver of our right to later enforce that or any other part of these Terms of Service. Waiver of compliance in any particular instance does not mean that we will waive compliance in the future. In order for any waiver of compliance with these Terms of Service to be binding, we must provide you with written notice of such waiver through one of our authorized representatives.

h. Headings. The section and paragraph headings in these Terms of Service are for convenience only and shall not affect their interpretation.

Contact. You may contact us at the following address: 12 E 49th Street, 11th Floor, New York, NY 10017.