India’s critical monsoon season, now getting underway, affects different crops and regions across the country in various ways. Gro provides an array of resources and tools that allow users to track the monsoon’s impact for individual crops down to the district level.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) projects this year’s monsoon will bring normal levels of precipitation countrywide, although rain-fed agricultural regions are likely to receive above-normal rainfall. Gro’s extensive subnational data for India allows users to better quantify the risk of a heightened monsoon. For example, this display in the Gro Explorer app shows weather conditions, including precipitation, temperature, and forecasts, specifically for rice-growing areas in West Bengal, India’s largest rice-growing state.
India is the second-largest producer of rice worldwide, and the No. 1 exporter. The success of its rice harvest directly impacts world supply-and-demand balances.
Odisha, also on the east coast, is another large rice-producing state. Odisha received 35 millimeters of rainfall during the first week of June. That pace is forecast to accelerate rapidly in the next 10 days, with rainfall topping 80 millimeters on a daily basis for some days. By contrast, rainfall in West Bengal state isn’t forecast to pick up until later in June.
Monsoons, which run from the beginning of June through September, are necessary for India’s farm economy. They provide more than three-quarters of India’s total annual rainfall, and are important for replenishing reservoirs and aquifers. Indian farmers start planting rain-fed crops such as rice, corn, cotton, soybeans, sugarcane and peanuts in June after the arrival of the monsoon.
It's too early to make firm predictions for this year’s monsoon. But as the season progresses, Gro’s state- and district-level data for rainfall and soil moisture allows Gro users to create a clearer picture of the real impact of the monsoon. And the Gro Explorer app allows Gro users to home in on growing conditions weighted by crop and region.
Join us on June 17 and June 22 for a webinar to learn how Gro's Growing Conditions app, which is part of the Gro Explorer app, can help you form the most detailed picture of growing conditions and mitigate weather-related risk.
This insight was powered by the Gro platform, which enables better and faster decisions about factors affecting the entire global agricultural ecosystem. Gro organizes over 40,000 datasets from sources around the world into a unified ontology, which allows users to derive valuable insights such as this one. You can explore the data available on Gro with a free account, or please get in touch if you would like to learn more about a specific crop, region, or business issue.